Various attempts were made between the mid 1880s and 1914 to mine sulphur from White Island. In September 1914 part of the western edge of the volcano collapsed (or erupted) causing a mudflow or lahar which killed all of the workers (11) none of whom were found. Only the camp cat (called Peter the Great) survived. In 1923 mining resumed but the sulphur content was too low and crushed rock was subsequently supplied for use as a fertilizer. The mine finally closed in 1933. The remains of the concrete building and much of the old equipment can still be seen although everything is being rapidly corroded by the harsh sulphurous environment.
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