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Mine Exploration Forum

Author Ethnic cleansing and migration
carnkie

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Joined: 07/09/2007
Location: camborne, cornwall

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Ethnic cleansing and migration
Posted: 22/09/2009 12:08:21
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The complex subject of labour movement and migration was touched upon recently in another thread. One of the areas that were settled in their thousands by the Cornish was present day Wisconsin.

The discovery there of Upper Mississippi (Wisconsin) lead deposits around the 1830s led to an influx of prospectors ready to grab the land and develop the mining and agricultural potential that existed.

There was one major snag with this policy. The land was the possession of the Sauk, Fox, and Kickapoo Native Americans, whose war chief was Black Hawk. The answer was a touch of ethnic cleansing and the systematic dispossession of the Native Americans of their land. This action was graced with the title the Black Hawk War and a number of migrants from Cornwall were part of the militia. The battle of Bad Ax ended the war and paved the way for unimpeded mineral development. As John Rowe has observed, ‘by 1850 there were nearly six thousand Cornish people in the three Wisconsin counties of Grant, Iowa and Lafayette’. It is perhaps a sobering thought that most of the migrants emigrated to escape exploitation and hunger at home but then inflicted the same on the indigenous population. Wiki has pretty good account of the Black Hawk War. [web link].

Mineral Point is justly proud of its Cornish connection and is twinned with Redruth and many exchange visits have taken place over the years. They even have an annual Cornish Fest (I believe Ginster lost the pasty contract). More to the point some of the old Cornish architecture has been restored in recent years. Originally these buildings dated c. 1830s.

Odd Fellows Hall, Front & Vine Streets, Mineral Point.


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Cornish Miner's House No. 1, 114 Shakerag Alley, Mineral Point.


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Cornish Miner's House No. 2, Mineral Point.


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The past is a foreign country: they do things differently there.
IP: 80.47.157.243 Edited: 22/09/2009 16:33:33 by carnkie
derrickman

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Joined: 18/02/2009

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Ethnic cleansing and migration
Posted: 22/09/2009 13:02:37
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I wouldn't be happy at having my cultural heritage represented by Ginsters' Tongue IP: 149.254.49.96
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