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Posts by D.Send

Showing 76 results below:

Author Message
Topic: The great county adit
D.Send

Forum: South West England   Posted: 06/06/2020 06:54:26   Subject: The great county adit
Hi Roy,
Many thanks for these details on The County Adit.

My remarks were based on personal explorations in the early seventies, and archive research in the Plymouth local history arc
Topic: The great county adit
D.Send

Forum: South West England   Posted: 05/06/2020 06:59:05   Subject: The great county adit
Hi,
Back in the early seventies, there were a lot of people looking for the County adit. The 'entrance' turned out to be the adit of Mount wellington mine, and another possible one had also dried
Topic: the largest U/G mine " space " // cavity " - in UK ?
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 06/05/2020 12:11:25   Subject: the largest U/G mine
Hi,
The main lode of Devon Great Consols mine was some four miles long, up to 60 feet wide and up to 1.800 feet deep.
A good length can be explored above adit level, where the stopes are not
Topic: Mining term: jem crow
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 30/03/2020 09:37:55   Subject: Mining term: jem crow
Hi again,
JAZZ ? ... etymology.

Khaos(ancient greek for VOID) > chaos > gas(1600 dutch)

1316 Gazouiller : babbling stream or child (Normandy).
1538 Gaser >jaser :
Topic: Mining term: jem crow
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 30/03/2020 07:59:58   Subject: Mining term: jem crow
Hi,
In Plymouth, (origin of pilgrims for the USA), a crowbar is called a 'Jemmy Wrecker'.
In Normandy, (origin of the norman English), a 'croc' is a hook-shaped iron bar. > cruck, crooked,
Topic: Last shift at the George & Charlotte
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 26/03/2020 22:57:16   Subject: Last shift at the George & Charlotte
Hi,
Behind the dam you do indeed get acces to the superbly deep flooded stope, with its clear blue water so transparent that you can see the stulls way below.... disappearing into the depths.
Topic: Last shift at the George & Charlotte
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 26/03/2020 06:00:25   Subject: Last shift at the George & Charlotte
Hi,
Which dam are you referring to ?

During the rediscovery of deep adit level in 1971, there was a dam below a shaft, because of muck having fallen down from above, but we cleared thi
Topic: Development of spades - a question
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 23/02/2020 14:32:09   Subject: Development of spades - a question
Hi,

The Finch Foundry 'catalogues' are probably one of the best sources of examples of mining tools.

www.nationaltrustcollections.org.uk/place/finch-foundry
gives some ph
Topic: Development of spades - a question
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 23/02/2020 08:19:28   Subject: Development of spades - a question
Hi,
Gill & Company, Plymouth was bought by the Tavistock Iron Works, then by Finch Foundry, in Devon, who all made mining implements.
These were 'sandwiches' of mild steel welded onto a c
Topic: Epsomite at Nenthead?
D.Send

Forum: North West England   Posted: 04/12/2019 00:20:47   Subject: Epsomite at Nenthead?
Hi,

Microbial mediation of complex subterranean …
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4625141

Adit Now readers may find this link interesting in relation to mine fl
Topic: Epsomite at Nenthead?
D.Send

Forum: North West England   Posted: 03/12/2019 06:52:30   Subject: Epsomite at Nenthead?
Hi,
I have never heard of Epsomite before, but Selenite, yes. (There is a lot of it in Baker's Pit Cave in Devon).
Selenite occurs in some helictites, which have been studied and found to be
Topic: Deep mines with strong airflow
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 22/09/2019 08:33:29   Subject: Deep mines with strong airflow
Hi,
George and Charlotte mine, (Devon) has a connection between Ley's shaft and deep adit level, some 500 feet below. After having cleared away a slumped section in the adit, one week after the p
Topic: Free Miners & Free Boroughs
D.Send

Forum: South West England   Posted: 15/09/2019 07:07:34   Subject: Free Miners & Free Boroughs
Hi,

William FitzOsberne, became Earl of Wessex at the time of the conquest, and as such governed
the Forest of Dean, and the ‘Pays d’Ouche’ iron mining district around Breteuil, Norma
Topic: Free Miners & Free Boroughs
D.Send

Forum: South West England   Posted: 01/09/2019 22:57:10   Subject: Free Miners & Free Boroughs
Hi,
Can anyone find any records to Gloucestershire mining going back earlier than this please ? :-
D.Send.
_________

Medieval Gloucester: Trade and Industry 1066-1327
Topic: Free Miners & Free Boroughs
D.Send

Forum: South West England   Posted: 29/08/2019 08:41:38   Subject: Free Miners & Free Boroughs
Hi,
Free Borough Laws are based on the 'Laws of Breteuil', an iron-mining region in Normandy, (These 11th Century laws were applied by William FitzOsberne).
I am researching any surviving s
Topic: NAMHO Conference 2018
D.Send

Forum: Events   Posted: 28/08/2019 22:30:50   Subject: NAMHO Conference 2018
Hi TamarMole,

From some sources new light is being shown onto freeminer's rights....

How do I start a new thread ?

D.Send
Topic: NAMHO Conference 2018
D.Send

Forum: Events   Posted: 26/08/2019 05:55:15   Subject: NAMHO Conference 2018
Hi Folks,
William FitzOsberne, one of William the Conqueror's companions, controlled the Forest of Dean iron mines, which had had free miner's rights 'since time out of mynde'. The mines had to s
Topic: Wheal Sophia Copper Mine (mine)
D.Send

Forum: South West England   Posted: 27/02/2019 23:42:37   Subject: Wheal Sophia Copper Mine (mine)
Hi,
Reading of Wheal Fortune reminded me of the one of the world's worst mining jokes :

After the first successful descent, the explorers went to the local pub to sing:

Topic: Mine water clean up.
D.Send

Forum: Mid Wales   Posted: 16/06/2018 07:03:23   Subject: Mine water clean up.
Hi,
Here is just one of many papers relating to mine-water clean-up, using biochar. The field is advancing rapidly.
D.Send.

Yang, F, S Zhang, H Li, S Li, K Cheng, … JS Li - Chemic
Topic: Mine water clean up.
D.Send

Forum: Mid Wales   Posted: 11/05/2018 11:55:06   Subject: Mine water clean up.
Hi Sapper923,

Here is the weblink for the june webinar :

https://ttcorp.regfox.com/ibi-land-reclamation-biochar-webinar

Regards,
D.Send.
Topic: Mine water clean up.
D.Send

Forum: Mid Wales   Posted: 08/05/2018 23:10:59   Subject: Mine water clean up.
Hi John Lawson,
Biochar can be activated by combining it with a wide range of chemicals, and therefore can absorb many different pollutants, targetted specifically or not. (Metals, arsenic, nitra
Topic: Mine water clean up.
D.Send

Forum: Mid Wales   Posted: 08/05/2018 06:36:26   Subject: Mine water clean up.
Hi,
'Global warming' was altered to 'Climate Change' when sufficient scientific evidence showed that the former gave rise to the latter.
This was no 'hockeystick' question at all.

Topic: Mine water clean up.
D.Send

Forum: Mid Wales   Posted: 07/05/2018 17:16:26   Subject: Mine water clean up.
Hi,
Christwig's posting is very helpful, but the expert opinion given does not fully take into consideration all the recent studies done on 'activated' biochar, which are printed in the Internati
Topic: Mine water clean up.
D.Send

Forum: Mid Wales   Posted: 07/05/2018 05:35:15   Subject: Mine water clean up.
Hi Droid,
Exactly what specific Biochar information are you looking for ?
Regards,
D.Send.
Topic: Mine water clean up.
D.Send

Forum: Mid Wales   Posted: 04/05/2018 06:03:57   Subject: Mine water clean up.
Hi Droid,
There are as many different types of charcoal as there are plants to make it from, each with a specific chemistry. Just think about the vast range of fruits, nuts, vegetables and herbal
Topic: Mine water clean up.
D.Send

Forum: Mid Wales   Posted: 02/05/2018 21:33:04   Subject: Mine water clean up.
Hi,
Biochar is a modern form of charcoal. Numerous recent studies (published by the International Biochar Initiative) have proven that cheap activated biochar filters remove a large percentage of
Topic: Bad air in ironstone mines
D.Send

Forum: New recruits!   Posted: 15/02/2018 14:07:02   Subject: Bad air in ironstone mines
Hi Fpop,
All I remember was that the shaft, (heavily timbered) dropped down to the junction of the two main adit levels. The descent was memorable, because we only had 100 feet of ladder, which h
Topic: Bad air in ironstone mines
D.Send

Forum: New recruits!   Posted: 15/02/2018 10:02:37   Subject: Bad air in ironstone mines
Hi,
Having explored Mount Wellington Mine via the main engine shaft (200 feet), before it was reopened, to adit level, I can state that there was no bad air at the time, even though the adit sump
Topic: Milwr Tunnel & Olwyn Goch news
D.Send

Forum: North Wales   Posted: 06/01/2018 23:54:30   Subject: Milwr Tunnel & Olwyn Goch news
Hi,
Yes, to rig the 500 foot shaft, the PCG had to make a lot of ladder... and also make rope-walkers for self-lifelining in a kinked shaft.
DIY Rope-walkers had been tested as SRT devices,
Topic: Milwr Tunnel & Olwyn Goch news
D.Send

Forum: North Wales   Posted: 05/01/2018 23:29:50   Subject: Milwr Tunnel & Olwyn Goch news
Hi again,

I stand corrected : Jim Eyres had estimated the total depth of Provatina as 2000 feet !

Thankyou GraigFawr...

D.Send.
Topic: Milwr Tunnel & Olwyn Goch news
D.Send

Forum: North Wales   Posted: 05/01/2018 23:22:52   Subject: Milwr Tunnel & Olwyn Goch news
Hi,
The PCG did indeed go down Ley's Shaft in George and Charlotte Mine with full permission. Mainly abseilling down. 500 feet of electron ladders, with 400 feet on a steep incline, using DIY sel
Topic: Grey Gold /Greenside
D.Send

Forum: North West England   Posted: 12/12/2017 21:44:42   Subject: Grey Gold /Greenside
Hi,
When I was six years old, I remember one day when our family all hid in the cupboard under the stairs, because of a leak that there was to be 'atomic testing' in the Excelsior tunnel, (visibl
Topic: Miners' greeting
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 20/10/2017 17:32:14   Subject: Miners' greeting
Hi Mr. Mike,
In at least one Polish Salt Mine, they carved out a huge undergound church... where they would go before starting their shifts.
In Cornwall, supposedly miners would place pins o
Topic: Mining term: Bouse
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 20/09/2017 18:01:53   Subject: Mining term: Bouse
By the way, how is 'bouse' usually pronouced? As in cows?

Y-Man mentioned a possible germanic root BAU, as abbaus is german for mining.
I have checked the french root of 'bau' and fin
Topic: Mining term: Bouse
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 20/09/2017 13:42:34   Subject: Mining term: Bouse
Hi again,

Looking at the term 'TEAM' :
We find the old Frisian root TAM ( < offspring, bridle, team of cattle > ) hence 'teeming', 'Tame'.
______________________

In fre
Topic: Mining term: Bouse
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 20/09/2017 13:10:57   Subject: Mining term: Bouse
Some possibly related terms :

Booze < from 13thC 'bouse'.
boose , box, booth, bothy : huts or sheds.
ooze (proto indo-european) seep, slurry
______________________________
Topic: Mining term: Bouse
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 18/09/2017 09:00:41   Subject: Mining term: Bouse
Hi Y-man,
Yes, in french we also have the common word 'boue', which means mud, muck or sludge, first recorded 'boe' (11th C), itself derivated from the gaulois 'bau'. The plural of boue is boues
Topic: Copper forge in Normandy
D.Send

Forum: Mining Methods & Techniques   Posted: 18/09/2017 08:39:16   Subject: Copper forge in Normandy
Hi Graigfawr,
If you can read french, I can send you some typed transcripts of Mouchel extracts, perhaps as a private message.
Regards,
D.Send.
Topic: Copper forge in Normandy
D.Send

Forum: Mining Methods & Techniques   Posted: 17/09/2017 13:32:25   Subject: Copper forge in Normandy
Hi Graigfawr,
We have typed in some lengthy relevant extracts of the Mouchel manuscripts concerning Lambert & Co, which I could paste in, but they are at present in French.... It is difficult to
Topic: Copper forge in Normandy
D.Send

Forum: Mining Methods & Techniques   Posted: 16/09/2017 06:44:20   Subject: Copper forge in Normandy
Thankyou for your detailed reply, which will require quite some reflection.
The Mouchel dynasty had sold their industrial interests to aquire land and therefore rents, a great error as they soon
Topic: Copper forge in Normandy
D.Send

Forum: Mining Methods & Techniques   Posted: 15/09/2017 04:09:13   Subject: Copper forge in Normandy
Hi,
The lamberts smelted copper as follows in three stages :
1 'Grilling' ore to reduce its arsenic content.
2 Fusion of the metals in a reverbatory furnace, lined with a silicious 'Nea
Topic: Copper forge in Normandy
D.Send

Forum: Mining Methods & Techniques   Posted: 14/09/2017 22:03:18   Subject: Copper forge in Normandy
Hi again,
Delving into records, it appears that Mr Lambert also visited the copper forge and was given a full guided tour and description of its processes. A sign of cross-channel cooperation bot
Topic: Mining term: Bouse
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 14/09/2017 14:49:56   Subject: Mining term: Bouse
Hi,
'Bouse' is also a common Norman word of celtic origin meaning ruminant dung, widely used to build wattle and daub walls.
Such walls were widely used for refractory ovens by bakeries and
Topic: Copper forge in Normandy
D.Send

Forum: Mining Methods & Techniques   Posted: 14/09/2017 12:55:39   Subject: Scope of Aditnow
Hi again,
Charles Joseph Emile Lambert was educated at the Paris 'Polytechnic' and founded the Swansea Company Lambert & Co.
Jukes Olivier MOUCHEL visited the works, and was guided around,
Topic: Copper forge in Normandy
D.Send

Forum: Mining Methods & Techniques   Posted: 14/09/2017 06:11:21   Subject: Scope of Aditnow
Hi Graigfawr,
Thankyou for the very detailed reply.

The copper works was (and still is) located at AUBE parish, ORNE County, Lower Normandy, (postcode 61270). The Owners were the MOUCH
Topic: Copper forge in Normandy
D.Send

Forum: Mining Methods & Techniques   Posted: 13/09/2017 20:43:29   Subject: Scope of Aditnow
Hi Folks,
I am doing some research into a copper forge in Normandy that bought much copper from a 'Swansea' supplier.
Does anyone know of a specialist working on Swansea copper mineral impo
Topic: Curious about an adit
D.Send

Forum: South West England   Posted: 06/07/2017 21:56:07   Subject: Curious about an adit
Hi,
Halkyn adit...3-4 miles long. Milwr...11 miles !
Some Cornish adits are as long as Halkyn, but Milwr?
The Cornish 'County Adit' was supposedly some 30 miles long, but in fact referr
Topic: Research help - Wild animals in mines
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 04/07/2017 22:26:08   Subject: Research help - Wild animals in mines
Hi Folks,
About those 'adit alligators' :
Way back in the late '60's, whilst opening up very old mine adits, we would often come across fallen timbers floating waterlogged downstream. brushi
Topic: Research help - Wild animals in mines
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 03/07/2017 22:07:21   Subject: Research help - Wild animals in mines
Hi,
Dare I mention adit alligators in Devon & Cornwall?
D.Send.
Topic: Research help - Wild animals in mines
D.Send

Forum: General Chat   Posted: 02/07/2017 08:24:46   Subject: Research help - Wild animals in mines
Hi,
On a number of occasions I have seen badgers in chalk mines, but they only use tiny entrances from slumped-in levels. That is,
I got in through more open accesses and worked through long
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